The HACC conducts several types of inspections to enforce Housing Quality Standards (HQS), a set of standards defined by HUD requiring the unit be decent, safe and sanitary:
Initial move inspections – Each unit must meet HQS before the tenant can move in and before a HAP contract can begin. All utilities must be on and fully functional at this inspection. The HACC will require a copy of the certificate of occupancy or rental permit that is required in some municipalities.
Annual inspections – Each unit must pass HQS annually to continue to ensure units are still decent, safe and sanitary. Units that fail an annual inspection must have a self-certification that repairs were made or pass a reinspection. If the unit fails the reinspection, the Housing Assistance Payments (HAP) will be abated.
Self-certification – is available when there are ten (10) or less non life threatening deficiencies. The tenant and landlord must sign the self-certification form and submit it within 21 days of the failed inspection. If the form is not submitted within 21 days, the HAP will be abated and a reinspection of the unit will be required to ensure that repairs were completed. False self-certifications may lead to the landlord being banned from participation in the program.
Complaint/Emergency inspections – The HACC may conduct an inspection upon request to verify conditions of a unit when a tenant has shown that a landlord is not responsive to requests for repairs or when life-threatening conditions exist – such as no water, no gas, no electricity, no working toilet, conditions that pose a threat to safety and similar conditions. In the case of life-threatening conditions, the HACC will reinspect the unit within 24 hours. If repairs are not made within 24 hours, HAP will be abated.
Quality Control inspections – The HACC performs Quality Control Inspections periodically to assess the performance of the inspector and to ensure that self-certified repairs were made. Quality Control Inspections usually occur within 30 days of the prior inspection. Timetables for repairing violations cited during a Quality Control Inspection depend upon the specific type of deficiency.
Owners of properties built before January 1, 1978 that are cited for chipping, cracking, and peeling paint and that have a child under 6 years old that is residing or will reside in the unit must meet the following requirements prior to passing the HQS Inspection:
The owner must provide a passed lead clearance test within 30 days from the annual inspection or 10 days from the initial move inspection
The owner must provide proof the repairs were completed by a certified lead abatement contractor.